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TerraScan User Guide

Navigation: Tool Reference > TerraScan Window > Output pulldown menu

Export raster image

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Export raster image

Export raster image command generates a raster image where pixel values are derived from laser point attributes. The source data is points loaded in TerraScan.

The raster image can be created as Windows bitmap (.BMP) or GeoTIFF (.TIF). The color of a pixel is determined using laser points whose coordinate values fall inside the pixel. The coloring attribute can be chosen as:

Distance - distance value based on the distance computation. The Colors button opens the Distance Color Scheme dialog which lets you define a coloring scheme for the distance values. From this dialog, you may save the coloring scheme into a .DCS file for later reuse or exchange between different PCs. The file can also be utilized as scheme definition in the Export raster images command for projects.

Elevation - laser point elevation.

Elevation difference - elevation difference between laser points of two different classes.

Intensity hits - laser point intensity.

Intensity footprint - average intensity of points within a footprint area overlapping the pixel.

Point color - color values stored for laser points.

Point class - laser point class.

Road intensity - intensity of laser points computed by directional sampling along road alignment vectors.

Slope - slope gradient based on normal vector computation.

To create a colored raster image:

1. Select Export raster image command from the Output pulldown menu.

This opens the Export Raster Image dialog:

export_raster

2. Define settings. You may define your own coloring scheme by using the Define button.

3. Click OK.

This starts the generation of the raster file and opens the Export raster image dialog, a standard dialog for saving files.

4. Define a location and name for the output file and click Save.

This creates the raster image.

SETTING

EFFECT

Color by

Coloring attribute. See description above.

Class

Point class(es) to use for creating the raster file. If Color by is set to Elevation difference, two classes have to be selected.

_select_classes

Opens the Select classes dialog which contains the list of active classes in TerraScan. You can select multiple source classes from the list that are then used in the Class field.

Alignments

Level on which the road alignment vectors are located. This is only active if Color by is set to Road intensity.

Value

Determines the value for each pixel:

Lowest - smallest value of points inside the pixel area.

Average - average value of points inside the pixel area.

Highest - highest value of points inside the pixel area.

This is only active if Color by is set to Elevation, Elevation difference, or Intensity hits.

Sampling

Computation of raster values based on directional sampling:

Road intensity - distance along the road alignment element(s).

Slope - radius around a point.

Format

Format of the output file: Windows BMP, GeoTIFF, or GeoTIFF + TFW.

Background

RGB values for pixels that do not have an attribute value.

Colors

Color depth of the output file for elevation or intensity coloring:

24 Bit Color - true color image.

256 Colors - 256 color image.

Grey Scale - 8 bit gray scale image.

Pixel size

Size of each pixel in the output file.

Fill gaps

If on, gaps up to the given number of pixels are filled in places where there are no laser points inside a pixel area.

Attach as reference

If on, the output image is attached as a raster reference. This requires TerraPhoto to run.

Draw placement rectangle

If on, the output image boundary is drawn as a shape into the CAD file. The shape is drawn on the active level using the active symbology settings of the CAD file.

Range

Defines the value range that is covered by the color scheme for Elevation and Intensity coloring. Should be set to the general elevation or intensity range covered in the laser data to ensure that all values are represented by the complete color scheme.

Unit

Defines the unit for Slope coloring: Degree or Percentage.

Scheme

Type of coloring scheme for elevation or intensity coloring:

Cold to hot - varies from blue for low pixel values via cyan, green, and yellow to red for high pixel values. This is a common coloring scheme for elevation coloring.

Hot to cold - varies from red for low pixel values via cyan, green, and yellow to blue for high pixel values.

Selected colors - a user-defined coloring scheme can be created by clicking on the Define button. The dialog for color scheme definition depends on the selection of the color depth in the Colors field, 24-Bit Color or 256 Colors.

Black to white - varies from black for low pixel values to white for high pixel values. This is only active if Colors is set to Grey scale. This is the common coloring scheme for intensity coloring.

White to black - varies from white for low pixel values to black for high pixel values. This is only active if Colors is set to Grey scale.

Degree

Determines how the color changes in color schemes are computed. Warm and Hot move a coloring scheme towards the red-yellow color range, Cool and Cold towards the blue-cyan color range. For gray scale images, Light moves the gray scale towards white and light gray, Dark towards black and dark gray. Linear defines a linear distribution of colors.

Raster images can be produced in batch mode by using the Export raster images command for project blocks.

TerraScan User Guide   26.07.2021   © 2021 Terrasolid Ltd